Is Successful Treatment Possible for Addiction?
Certainly, addiction is a disorder but it can be effectively treated. Over the part 100 years the knowledge and experience of working with addiction has steadily increased and around the treatment of substance use disorders. This has given rise to evidence-based approaches that empower people to overcome drug dependency and lead happier, more productive lives — a state commonly referred to as “recovery”.
Is Addiction Curable?
Similar to managing other conditions like asthma or heart disease, addiction treatment does not provide a cure but serves as a means of managing the condition. Treatment allows individuals to counteract the disruptive effects of addiction on their brain and behaviour, facilitating a return to a state of control over their lives.
Understanding Relapse in Addiction Treatment
The chronic nature of addiction implies that relapse, or a return to drug use after an attempt to quit, can be part of the process. However, modern treatments are specifically designed to assist in relapse prevention. Relapse rates for drug use are comparable to those for other chronic medical conditions. Just as with illnesses like hypertension and asthma, individuals are prone to relapse if they deviate from their treatment plans.
Navigating Relapse: A Normal Part of Recovery
While relapse is a natural facet of recovery, it can be perilous, even fatal, for certain drugs. If someone returns to using the same amount of a drug as before quitting, the risk of overdose is significant because their bodies are no longer acclimated to that level of exposure. An overdose can result in uncomfortable feelings, life-threatening symptoms, or death.
Principles of Effective Addiction Treatment
Research indicates that for opioid addictions, medications should be the primary treatment, often coupled with behavioural therapy. Medications are also available for treating alcohol and nicotine addiction. However, for stimulants or cannabis, treatment relies on behavioural therapies tailored to address individual patterns of drug use and related medical, mental, and social issues.
Medications and Devices in Addiction Treatment
Various medications and devices serve different stages of treatment, aiding patients in ceasing drug abuse, staying in treatment, and avoiding relapse. These treatments address withdrawal symptoms, help the brain adapt to the absence of the drug, and interfere with triggers linked to drug use.
Behavioural Therapies in Addiction Treatment
Behavioural therapies play a crucial role in helping individuals modify attitudes and behaviours related to drug use, empowering them to handle stress and triggers that might lead to relapse. These therapies include cognitive-behavioural therapy, contingency management, motivational enhancement therapy, family therapy, and twelve-step facilitation.
Holistic Approach to Addiction Treatment
Halting drug use is just one facet of a comprehensive recovery process. Addiction often brings about significant consequences in various aspects of a person’s life. Therefore, effective treatment programs should address the holistic needs of individuals, considering their medical, mental, social, occupational, family, and legal requirements to promote successful recovery.